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Çamalti I Batiği, Marmara Denizi

Posted: September 18th, 2008 | Author: admin | Filed under: Arkeoloji & Batıklar | Tags: | 125 Comments »

Çamaltı I Batığı
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Marmara Denizi Sualtı Araştırmaları

Turkiye’nin Kuzeybatısında yer alan Marmara Denizi (Eski Propontis), tarih boyunca Akdeniz ve Karadeniz ülkeleri arasında bir geçiş yolu olmuştur ve bu sebeple arkeolojik kalıntılar konusunda geniş bir yelpazeye sahip özel bir konuma sahiptir. 1993 yılından beri , bu arkeolojik zenginliğin bir göstergesi olarak, Marmara denizi adaları civarında 16 arkeolojik bölge tespit edilmiştir. Bunlardan 13 tanesi gemi batığı, 2 tamesi medieval dönemden kapma amfora kiln’i bir tanesi de MÖ 3200-1100 döneminden kalma mound yerleşim bölgesidir.

Bu batıklar arasında , MÖ 13 yy. dönemine ait olan,ÇAMALTI BURNU 1 Batığı,bir kaç önemli sebep nedeniyle çalışmaların başladığı yer olarak seçilmiştir. Bu sebepler arkeolojik, tarihi ve ekonomiktir. Bu dönemin tekne üretim teknolojisi hakkında hiçbirşey bilinmemektedir ve ÇAMALTI BURNU 1 Batığı’nın kargo yükü (son amforalar, seramik kaplar) daha tanımlanamamıştır.

13 yy.’a ait olan ÇAMALTI BURNU 1 Batığı,Çamaltı burnu’na uzanan körfezde kayalık yer yapısının 30 metre güneyinde yer almaktadır. Bu batığın seçilmesine neden olan arkeolojik sebep, döneme ait ticari aktivitenin sadece yazılı kaynaklar vasıtasıyla bilinmesi ve batığın araştırlması sayesinde bu aktiviteleri daha iyi anlama konusunda önemli bir bilgi birikimi sağlayabileceği düşüncesidir.

Geminin kargosu deniz ticaretinde ,yerlerini tahta fıçılara bırakmadan önce kullanılan son amforalardan oluşmaktadır.Geminin kargosu kumluk zeminde 20 ve 32 metre derinlikler arasında bulunan üç cepte yer almaktadır.


21 metre derinlikte bulunan ilk grup amforalar küçük (type IV) iken, 25 metre derinliktekiler orta boy, 32 metre derinliktekiler büyük boy amforalardan oluşmaktadırlar.Bu batıkda ayrıca değişik çıpalar da bulunmuştur. (2 “Y”tipi ve bir “T” tipi) .

Batıkla ilgili çalışmalar halen devam etmektedir.

Daha fazla bilgi için www.nautarch.org




125 Comments on “Çamalti I Batiği, Marmara Denizi”

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